Californians rightly credit Progressive-era Governor Hiram Johnson with
leading the successful fight for direct democracy in the Golden State, but
few are familiar with the critical groundwork that had been laid by Dr.
John Randolph Haynes. A Philadelphian who held doctorates in both
medicine and philosophy, Haynes moved west to Los Angeles in 1887, at
the age of 34. He established a successful medical practice, counting
many prominent Southern Californians among his patients, invested his